Jump to navigation Jump to search “Girls high school” redirects here. Single-sex education, also a girls guide to 21st century sex as single-gender education, is the practice of conducting education with male and female students attending separate classes, perhaps in separate buildings or schools.
The practice was common before the 20th century, particularly in secondary and higher education. In 19th century Western Europe, the most common way for girls to access education was at home, through private tutoring, and not at school. This was especially the case in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which strongly resisted women’s involvement in schools. During the 19th century, ideas about education started to change: modern ideas that defined education as a right, rather than as a privilege available only to a small elite, started to gain support in North America and Europe. As such, mass elementary education was introduced, and more and more coeducational schools were set up. The topic of single-sex education is controversial.
Advocates argue that it aids student outcomes such as test scores, graduation rates, and solutions to behavioral difficulties. Opponents, however, argue that evidence for such effects is inflated or non-existent, and instead argue that such segregation can increase sexism and impairs the development of interpersonal skills. Advocates of single-sex education believe that there are persistent gender differences in how boys and girls learn and behave in educational settings, and that such differences merit educating them separately. One version of this argument holds that male-female brain differences favor the implementation of gender-specific teaching methods, but such claims have not held up to rigorous scrutiny. A systematic review published in 2005 covering 2221 studies was commissioned by the US Department of Education entitled Single-sex versus coeducational schooling: A systematic review.