RNA virus that causes liver damage. Like hepatitis B carriers, some hepatitis C carriers develop chronic hepatitis, liver scarring or can hep c be transmitted through sex cancer. A majority of people infected with HCV do not have symptoms or signs.
If symptoms and signs occur, they are indistinguishable from those of hepatitis A or hepatitis B virus infections. To test for hepatitis C infection, HCV Ab and HCV RNA are used. Worldwide, HCV prevalence is directly related to the prevalence of persons who routinely share injection equipment and to the prevalence of contaminated parenteral practices in health care settings. It has been estimated that less than 0. Hong Kong carry hepatitis C virus, but the infection rate is higher among injecting drug users. Less commonly, a person can get Hepatitis C infection via sexual contact.
The risk increases among men who have sex with men, for those who have sexually transmitted infection, engage in rough sex, or are infected with HIV. There is no vaccine available against hepatitis C. If you shoot drugs, stop and get into a treatment programme. If you cannot stop, never share needles, syringes, water, or ‘works’. HCV infected persons should not donate blood, organs, or tissue.
Health care worker should always follow routine barrier precautions and should handle needles and sharps safely. Use latex condoms correctly and every time when you have sex. HCV positive persons should be evaluated by their doctor for liver disease. Drugs, such as Interferon, Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin, can be used to treat the infection.