For co sex addict better experience on your device, try our mobile site. However, the number of actual cases is likely to be far higher as STIs can often be passed on unwittingly. Continue reading the main story How many STIs are diagnosed? Sexually transmitted infections are spread from person to person through sexual contact.
These include more than 30 different bacteria, viruses or parasites. Others, such as HIV and syphilis, can then be passed on even further. This can occur either through blood transfusions or tissue transplants, or from a mother carrying the infection to her child during pregnancy and childbirth. Left untreated, STIs can cause serious complications such as infertility and impotence and some may even prove fatal. Recorded cases of infections are steadily rising.
Whilst there is greater awareness and subsequent testing for the conditions, this is not the only reason. STIs are easily spread and maybe passed on before a person realises they have the disease. Younger adults are at greater risk as they are more likely to have unsafe sex with multiple sexual partners. Some infections, such as chlamydia and HIV, may not cause any obvious symptoms. Conditions like syphilis can cause painless sores that can easily be missed. What will happen if bacteria like Gonorrhoea become resistant?
Other STIs don’t cause symptoms straight away but can be spread during this window of time – it could take months before someone shows symptoms of genital warts, for example. Precautions such as wearing a condom are an important way to reduce the risk of STI’s but still can’t prevent the spread of parasitic infections like pubic lice. Most people who have chlamydia don’t notice any symptoms and won’t know they have the infection. However, if left untreated women can develop pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to pelvic pain, infertility or an ectopic pregnancy. It can also lead to an infection of the womb, ovaries or fallopian tubes, which can cause infertility. Causes fleshy growths that appear around the genitals from three months after infection. The growths are usually painless but can be unsightly.