Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is pollywood sex a state of India. Golden Temple, Qila Mubarak, Gandhi Bhawan, Wagah Border, Jallianwala Bagh memorial.
Common for Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh. The Punjab region was home to the Indus Valley Civilization until 1900 BCE. The Punjab was conquered by Alexander the Great in 330 BCE and was captured by Chandragupta Maurya. Punjab is primarily agriculture-based due to the presence of abundant water sources and fertile soils. The region was originally called Sapta Sindhu, the Vedic land of the seven rivers flowing into the ocean.
This section needs additional citations for verification. 400 BCE, Punjab was known as Trigarta and ruled by Katoch kings. Due to its location, the Punjab region came under constant attack and influence from both west and east. Punjab faced invasions by the Achaemenids, Greeks, Scythians, Turks, and Afghans. This section does not cite any sources.
Vedic texts purple, Vedic shakhas in green, rivers are labelled blue, the Thar desert is marked orange. Among the classic books that were wholly or partly composed in this region are the following. The world’s oldest university Takshashila flourished here, even before the Buddha’s birth. The Brahmins of this region are called ‘Saraswata’ after the legendary Saraswati river region, once known for the ashramas of the rishis. Punjabi Hindus can trace their roots from the time of the Vedas.
Many modern day cities in Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab are still named from that period like Lahore, Jalandhar, Chandigarh and so on. Examples of Punjabi Hindus include the former Prime ministers of India I. Sikhism originated in the Punjab Region during the 15th century. Sikh population of the world lives in Punjab. Sikhism began at the time of the conquest of northern India by Babur. Jahangir attempted to assert authority over the Sikhs by imprisoning Guru Har Gobind at Gwalior.
He felt compelled to release him when he began to suffer premonitions of an early and gruesome death. The Guru refused to be released unless the dozens of Hindu princes imprisoned with him were also granted freedom, to which Jahangir agreed. The ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, moved the Sikh community to Anandpur and travelled extensively to visit and preach in Sikh communities in defiance of Mughal rule. Guru Gobind Singh assumed the guruship in 1675 and to avoid battles with Sivalik Hill Rajas moved the guruship to Paunta. He built a large fort to protect the city and garrisoned an army to protect it. In 1701, a combined army composed of the Sivalik Hill Rajas and the Mughal army under Wazir Khan attacked Anandpur and, following a retreat by the Khalsa, was defeated by the Khalsa at the Battle of Muktsar.
Banda Singh Bahadur started his rebellion with the defeat of Mughal armies at Samana and Sadhaura and it culminated in the defeat of Sirhind. In 1762, there were persistent conflicts with the Sikhs. The Cis-Sutlej states were a group of states in modern Punjab and Haryana states lying between the Sutlej River on the north, the Himalayas on the east, the Yamuna River and Delhi District on the south, and Sirsa District on the west. Darbar of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, showing people of all religions. Maharajah Ranjit Singh on the foundations of the Khalsa from a collection of autonomous Sikh misls, creating a unified political state. After his proclamation in 1801 as Maharajah, Ranjit Singh began the modernisation of the Punjab Army.