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Ah Yes, Iwaki’s Apartment for Youth! Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. This article relies too much on references to primary sources. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Differences in human intelligence have long been a topic of debate among researchers and scholars. Some studies have concluded that there is larger variability in male scores compared to female scores, which results in more males than females in the top and bottom of the IQ distribution.
Prior to the 20th century, it was a commonly held view that men were intellectually superior to women. In 1801, Thomas Gisborne said that women were naturally suited to domestic work and not spheres suited to men such as politics, science, or business. In 1875, Herbert Spencer said that women were incapable of abstract thought and could not understand issues of justice and had only the ability to understand issues of care. In the nineteenth century, whether men and women had equal intelligence was seen by many as a prerequisite for the granting of suffrage. During the early twentieth century, the scientific consensus shifted to the view that gender plays no role in intelligence. According to the 1994 report Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns by the American Psychological Association, “Most standard tests of intelligence have been constructed so that there are no overall score differences between females and males. Further information: Richard Lynn, Helmuth Nyborg, and J.
At one time, the overwhelming consensus was that there were no sex differences in g factor or general intelligence. 16 because males have slower developmental maturation. A 2004 meta-analysis by Richard Lynn and Paul Irwing published in 2005 found that the mean IQ of men exceeded that of women by up to 5 points on the Raven’s Progressive Matrices test. Aside from traditional IQ tests like Raven’s and WAIS, researchers have also used other tests that tap more into the Cattell-Horn-Caroll theory of intelligence in relation to gender. In 2006, researchers Stephen Camarata and Richard Woodcock also replicated exactly the same results in sample of 4,253 children and adults but found no sex differences in g factor.
In 2000, researchers Roberto Colom and Francisco J. 60 mental tests that were not constructed to eliminate sex differences also found no sex differences in general intelligence or g factor except in residual factors such as verbal abilities and mental rotation. 90 year old participants in a sample of 500 participants. The current literature on sex differences produced inconsistent results depending on the type of testing used. A 2012 review by researchers Richard E. Nisbett, Joshua Aronson, Clancy Blair, William Dickens, James Flynn, Diane F.